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Amasezerano y’isoko rusange ry’Afurika yatangiye kubahirizwa

Tariki ya 1 Mutarama 2021 nibwo amasezerano ashyiraho Isoko Rusange rya Afurika  « African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA) » yatangiye gushyirwa mu bikorwa.

Amasezerano ashyiraho isoko rusange rya Afurika yasinyiwe i Kigali muri Werurwe 2018, biteganywa ko azahuriza hamwe ibihugu bigize uyu mugabane ku isoko ry’abaturage bagera kuri miliyari 1,3 bawutuye n’ibihugu 55 bifite umusaruro mbumbe wa miliyari 3400$.

Azazamura ubucuruzi bukorwa hagati y’ibihugu bya Afurika busanzwe kuri 16%, igipimo kiri hasi cyane ugereranyije na 60% ibyo bihugu bikorana n’u Burayi na 50% bikorana Aziya.

Ibihugu 54 muri 55 bigize Umuryango wa Afurika Yunze ubumwe byasinye amasezerano ashyiraho isoko rusange rya Afurika, mu gihe 34 aribyo bimaze kuyemeza burundu.

Nyuma y’imyaka ibiri amasezerano ashyiraho iri soko asinywe ku wa 1 Mutarama yatangiye gushyirwa mu bikorwa. Binyuze muri iri soko ibicuruzwa byakorewe muri Afurika bizaba bifite amahirwe yo gucuruzwa ku isoko ry’abaturage basaga miliyari batuye uyu mugabane, nta bisitaza bibangamira ubucuruzi nk’imisoro byatumaga Afurika iba isoko ry’iyindi migabane kurusha uko ari iry’ibiwukorerwamo

Mu nama Perezida Kagame yitabiriye ku wa 4 Ukuboza 2020, yiga ku bukungu n’ishyirwaho rya AfCFTA yavuze ko ishyirwa mu bikorwa ryayo muri iki gihe, rizafasha Afurika muri byinshi, harimo kuzahura ubukungu bwazahajwe na Coronavirus ndetse no gufasha Afurika kurushaho kwigira no kubaka ubushobozi bwatuma ihatana ku ruhando mpuzamahanga.

Ati “Iki gikorwa duhuriyeho ubu nibwo gikenewe cyane kurusha mbere, kugira ngo twongere kubaka ubukungu bwacu, dukomeze gushyira imbaraga mu gukumira ibibazo by’ahazaza, ni uko rero mureke tubikore. Guhahirana hagati yacu, bizabyarira ibihugu byacu inyungu zihuriweho, ndetse binadufashe kubaka ubushobozi bwadufasha guhatana ku ruhando mpuzamahanga.”

Yibukije abikorera ko bazagira uruhare rukomeye mu migendekere myiza y’iri soko, asaba abayobozi gukomeza gufasha abaturage kumva inyungu barifitemo.

Ati “Muri Afurika tuzatangira gukora ubucuruzi hagati yacu mu byumweru bike biri imbere, dukeneye inzego z’abikorera kugaragaza uruhare rwabo. Dukwiye gukorera hamwe kugira ngo twizere ko ibikenewe byose kugira ngo iyi gahunda igere ku ntsinzi yayo biri mu buryo.”

NIYONZIMA Theogene 

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